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Water hammer is a phenomenon that can be either a mild nuisance or a severe problem. It is usually considered a safety hazard. The extreme pressure caused by water hammer can blow out gaskets and cause pipes to suddenly rupture, causing serious injury to anyone nearby.
Identifying Water Hammer
Usually, you can identify water hammer by a loud banging or hammering sound coming from pipes, especially after quickly shutting off a water source. This sound is caused by the pressure shockwave hitting some kind of blockage like a closed valve or joint at a high force. The noise can sometimes be deafening, and can sometimes become a major source of stress, especially for any nearby workers.
Damage Caused by Water Hammer
Recurring cases of water hammer, however, are more than just an annoyance. Water hammer can cause serious damage to pipelines, pipe joins gaskets, and all other components of the system like flow meters and pressure gauges. On contact, these pressure spikes can easily exceed five to ten times the working pressure of the system, placing a tremendous amount of stress on the system.
Water hammer can also cause leaks at the joints in the system, crack pipe walls and deform piping support systems. It can be quite expensive to repair or replace damaged pipeline components and equipment. Worse, the cost can grow exponentially if the spill results in an environmental issue.
Solutions to Water Hammer
Water hammer can be prevented or reduced in a number of ways, depending on its cause. Educating and training operators is one of the simplest ways to minimize water hammer caused by hydraulic shock. Training allows operators to learn the importance of properly opening and closing manual or actuated valves, and can take care to minimize the effects of water hammer. Operators can also be more careful in safely opening and closing quarter turn valves like ball valves, butterfly valves, and plug valves.
Another option of reducing the pressure spikes caused by water hammer are water hammer arrestors. Water hammer resistors are components of the piping system that reduce the noise and stress to pipeline systems by absorbing the shock. Just make sure to size and install them properly, otherwise they will not be as effective.
Valves Can Reduce Water Hammer
You can also install check valves in vertical pipe lines. These include swing checks, tilting discs, and double door check valves, all of which can be made to operate in a vertical line. Keep in mind that these will not prevent reversing flow in this orientation, in which case a Silent Check Valve is the best option.
Sometimes the sudden closure of swing check, tilting disc and double door check valves can cause hydraulic shock. You can prevent this by changing these valves with silent of non-slam check valves, such as the kind manufactured by DFT. Rather than reversing flow, silent check valves close when the differential pressure across the closure member of the valve decreases.
Water hammer can be caused when valves slam shut; silent check valves are far less likely to cause this to happen. The valve fully closes when the differential pressure across the disc approaches the cracking pressure of the valve. The fluid then decelerates and decreases momentum before the valve is fully shut. This also ensures that the fluid does not reverse direction.
By now it should come as no surprise that American manufacturing is back, and all signs point to full speed ahead. There are many reasons for this, and one of them is our country’s natural gas boom—an abundance of production and supply that’s helping to make manufacturing here more cost effective and competitive.
In fact, the Energy Information Administration recently reported that “soaring shale production” resulted in 2013 seeing the fastest growth rate ever for oil production.* Articles such as this one confirm this, pointing out that America should be completely self sufficient in oil production by 2037—meaning zero imports and enough domestic production to support the entire country’s energy needs.
Many people know Terry Bradshaw as a football player, and from his antics as part of Fox’s Sunday broadcast team. A growing number are learning about, if not his serious side, at least a side of him that isn’t all fun and games.
As host of the television program Net Worth, Bradshaw has been letting America in on a not-so-well-kept secret: that aside from his on-the-field and in-the-studio accomplishments, he is also a savvy, sharp businessman. Fun fact: he may have planted that seed as a used-car salesman – while he was still playing football. Imagine if that were LeSean McCoy’s offseason job!
Net Worth showcases the most creative, the most successful, and just the best in business across a wide range of industries. For these reasons, we were incredibly proud when DFT Inc. was asked to be featured in a segment in 2013. The Net Worth show featured DFT’s exclusive Canadian distributor Triangle Fluid Controls , or TFC. We view this segment and DFT’s inclusion on Net Worth as both humbling as well as a signal that we’re doing something right in our quest to provide the best products and service in check valves.
Certain industrial environments are harsher than others, and not all valves can take the heat. For example, the pulp and paper industry utilizes processes called batch steam cooks. The processes involve very hot steam, tough chemicals, and a high level of repetition- not ideal for just any valve. Pulp is one of the most abundant raw materials in the world and the United States is the second biggest supplier of paper across the globe. That means there are many mills in need of durable, reliable equipment. Some mills have also started producing pulp for the textile industry, another huge global market that requires mass quantities of material.
The food and beverage industry in the United States is undergoing significant changes when it comes to trends, regulations, and tastes. Consumers are looking for healthier options, more attractive packaging, and more local ingredients. The industry has risen to the challenge and is rapidly evolving to meet these new consumer desires. Food processing has shed its reputation for unhealthy and unattractive food as new technologies allow companies to mass produce up-to-the-minute products such as guacamole and hummus without adding tons of preservatives. Regulations to lower sodium and trans fat counts as well as national movements to incorporate more healthy foods into school lunches has also presented a challenge to the food and beverage industry, but it was a challenge that was met with innovation and success. The industry is booming and food processing companies have come up with new and fresh ways to stay competitive and give consumers exactly what they are looking for.